According to the National Pool and Spa Institute statistics,
drowning has been the leading cause of accidental death in the home of children
under 5 years old. Each year, nationwide, more than 300 children
under the age of 5 drown in residential swimming pools - usually
a pool owned by their family. In addition, more than 2,000 children in that age
group are treated in hospital emergency rooms for submersion injuries. Drowning is NOT accompanied by loud noise or splashing
sounds. DROWNING IS SILENT! To prevent child-drowning,
there is NO substitute for parental supervision. Many
communities have enacted safety regulations governing residential swimming
pools -- both in-ground and above-ground. The information below can
help parents and caregivers provide young children with the protection they
NSPI (National Spa & Pool Institute) Drowning Prevention
1. There is NO substitute for adequate
supervision. The "buddy system" of two children, is no substitute.
Even people that can swim very well can drown when they bump their head, become
entrapped, or have medical emergencies like seizures or black outs. DON'T
LET THEM OUT OF YOUR SIGHT!
2. Pools and spas are attractive to children; what the court calls
an "attractive nuisance". There must be a permanent barrier to entry.
Local ordinances will specify a 3-sided or a 4-sided, non-climbable fence with
self-closing, self-latching mechanisms on the gate. The gate should be locked
when the pool is not in use. Do not place chairs or tables near a fence which
would allow a child to climb over. Portable, above ground spas should have a
hard top that locks on, preventing its use. If you need a fence installed around your pool I highly recommend Ben Fiscalini at Baby Barrier Pool Fences. His product is excellent, he is very detail oriented and Ben is very professional and informative. He provides excellent customer service and enjoys doing his job well. http://babybarrierpoolfences.com/
3. In addition to a barrier around the pool, NSPI promotes an idea
called Layers of Protection, and has produced a pamphlet under the same name.
This is the combination of many safety features working together to form
several "layers" of safety protection around a swimming pool or spa.
A simple fence just won't do to protect the pool when it is not under
supervision. Door exit alarms, infrared detectors or security cameras, pool
alarms, child alarms and pool safety covers will all help to prevent accidents.
4. Ensure that the pool is in clear view from the house, and not
obstructed by plants, canopies, solid fences or darkness.
5. Place a phone nearby the pool with emergency numbers (911, fire
department, poison control center, etc.) listed. Signages about the pool, with
“pool rules” are a good idea, but remember to always instruct new users of your
pool as to what is allowed and what is not. Having a pool can make you popular
with neighborhood friends of your children. If rules are not followed, do not
allow these children to use the pool.
6. Having rescue equipment on hand can help prevent a drowning
person from drowning someone else. Ring buoys & reaching poles with life
hooks should be at the ready. First aid kits should be nearby also.
7. If you use a pool or spa cover, follow all instructions for
their safe installation, use and maintenance. Always remove a cover completely
before using the pool, and do not let standing water remain on top; pump it
8. Do not allow children to play near a pool. Games and bike riding
can result in someone going in, perhaps bumping their head on the way.
9. Learn CPR (Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation).
10. Have your children take swimming lessons at an early age.
Santa Clara Valley Pool Service
117 Bernal Road #70-606
San Jose, CA 95119